During the transition period, the UK and the EU continue to negotiate their new relationship. This includes agreeing on how EU companies can do business in and with the UK after the transition period. They will also negotiate security cooperation. The text of the Withdrawal Agreement on citizens` rights can be invoked directly by EU citizens in the UK courts and by UK nationals in the courts of EU Member States. Any national legislation incompatible with the provisions of the Withdrawal Agreement must be discarded. The agreement supports the arrangements for the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union and Euratom (Article 1), provides a clear definition of the territorial scope of the United Kingdom (Article 3) and guarantees the legal responsibility of the agreement (Article 4). In addition, it states that the United Kingdom will be refused access to `networks, information systems and databases established on the basis of Union law` until the end of the transition period (Article 8). Any agreement is only good if it is actually implemented. The implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement includes the adoption of legal acts by the European Union, its Member States and the United Kingdom, as well as the implementation through the adoption of policies and measures related to the withdrawal of the United Kingdom. This includes the responsibility to monitor implementation by both parties and ensure compliance. Children are protected by the Withdrawal Agreement, regardless of their place of birth, before or after the UK leaves the EU, or whether they were born inside or outside the host country where the EU citizen or British national resides.
The next day, the notice was published. The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019 and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier. The previous version of the Withdrawal Agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, leading Queen Elizabeth II to accept Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and to appoint Boris Johnson as the new Prime Minister on 24 July 2019. The most important elements of the draft agreement are: 5.Procedure for appointing members who know the conditions in decentralised areas, etc. Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on 17 October 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP declared that they could not support the new agreement.  The European Union and the United Kingdom approved the Withdrawal Agreement. The British Parliament and the European Parliament have yet to approve the Withdrawal Agreement. The European Union also agreed to ratify the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by email on 30 January 2020.
 Accordingly, the European Union also deposited its instrument of ratification of the Agreement on 30 January 2020, which concluded the Agreement and allowed it to enter into force at 23.m GMT on 31 January 2020 at the time of the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the Union. The Withdrawal Agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom sets out the conditions for an orderly withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. On 17 October 2019, the UK and the EU reached an agreement on the terms of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU (Brexit) and on a transition period until 31 December 2020. 30.Certain dispute settlement procedures under the relevant Withdrawal Agreement are those of the United Kingdom and Union citizens, their family members who are united Kingdom nationals or Union citizens and family members who are neither of these two countries retain the right to reside in the host Member State (Article 13). The host Member State may not restrict or make dependent dependants with a view to obtaining, maintaining or losing rights of residence (Article 13). Persons with valid documents do not need entry and exit visas or equivalent formalities and are allowed to leave or enter the host country in a simple manner (art. 14). In the event that the host Member State requires that `family members who join the Union citizen or the United Kingdom national at the end of the transition period obtain an entry visa`, the host Member State is required to issue the necessary visas free of charge in the appropriate institutions under an accelerated procedure (Article 14). The agreement also deals with the issuance of permanent residence permits during and after the transition period and their restrictions. In addition, it clarifies the rights of employees and the self-employed and provides for the recognition and identification of professional qualifications. British Prime Minister Theresa May calls on the EU to postpone Brexit until 30 June 2019.
However, this does not prevent the UK from leaving without a deal on 29 March. First, the other 27 EU member states must unanimously approve Mrs May`s request. The other 27 EU member states are signalling their willingness to allow the UK to postpone its withdrawal (the UK is expected to leave the EU on 29 March 2019). If the UK Parliament approves the withdrawal agreement by 29 March, Brexit will be postponed until 22 May to allow time for the necessary legislation to be passed. If the British Parliament has not approved the agreement by then, Brexit will be postponed to 12 April. The UK government and the remaining 27 EU member states accept the draft agreement. The EU and the UK reach a provisional agreement. It provides for a transitional period until the 31st.
December 2020, during which all EU rules will continue to apply. It also covers the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. On 15 November 2018, one day after the british government cabinet presented and supported the agreement, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for Leaving the European Union.  After the British House of Lords approved the European Union Act (Withdrawal Agreement) on January 22, the Act received Royal Assent from the Queen. The European Parliament approved the agreement on 29th January. With the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union on 1 February 2020, the withdrawal agreement previously negotiated between the EU and the United Kingdom entered into force. The Withdrawal Agreement regulates key issues such as citizens` rights. This agreement was accompanied by a political declaration setting out an agreed framework for the negotiation of the future relationship. In line with the Political Declaration, on 25 February 2020, the 27 EU Member States agreed on the negotiating mandate of the European Commission, which led the negotiations on the future relationship with the UNITED Kingdom on behalf of the Member States. From March to December 2020, the EU and the UK conducted ongoing negotiations despite the difficulties caused by the COVID19 pandemic. The European Commission has been in close coordination with the 27 Member States and the European Parliament throughout this period.
Towards the end, the two sides further intensified negotiations and an agreement was reached on 24 December 2020. The Netherlands does not negotiate directly with the United Kingdom. The European Commission does this on behalf of the remaining 27 EU Member States on the basis of the mandate given to it by EU countries. .